Framing Articles

Category Construction Term Glossary
Framing Articles
  • Popping Foundation
  • "Popping out the foundation" is a construction jargon term that refers to popping chalk lines for the location of
    walls on the foundation. Before any walls can be raised it is very important to make sure the foundation is
    square.
  • Framing Walls
  • In conventional framing, the bottom and top plates are cut and laid in place on the foundation, after the
    foundation is popped out. At this time, the wall studs, windows and doors can be laid out and marked on the
    plates
  • Framing Sheathing
  • Once the foundation has been popped out and the walls and openings marked on the bottom and top plate,
    you are ready to raise the walls. The walls are ready now to be put together and raised.
  • Framing Second Floor
  • The second floor system will consist of floor joists, deadwood, bracing and necessary blocking. A floor joist
    can be made up of regular lumber such as 2 x 12 or a floor truss system
  • Framing Second Floor Walls
  • The second floor walls are framed in essentially the same way as the first floor walls. Once the second floor
    sub-floor has been popped out and the walls and openings marked on the bottom and top plate, you are
    ready to layout the studs
  • Framing Rafters
  • Rafters, as with ceiling joists, can be laid out on 16 or 24 inch on center. If trusses are being used, the layout
    is normally 24 inch on center. The rafter layout with regular lumber is commonly 16 inch on center.
  • Framing Roof Decking
  • Roof decking, if installed poorly, can affect the overall appearance and possibility the structure of the house.
    It is a normal practice to use plywood clips or "H" clips between the rafters when installing roof decking.
  • Framing Doors/Windows
  • With the roof decking and felt complete, the windows and exterior doors can now be installed.  The installation
    of doors and windows is very important today because of energy efficiency
  • Cutting House Rafters
  • One of the most time consuming tasks in homebuilding can be the cutting of a roof. In some cases it can take
    as long to cut and frame the roof as it does to frame the rest of the house.
  • Framing Door Rough Opening
  • One of the most important parts of framing walls is getting the rough openings right. Items that determine what
    the height of your opening will be are floor finishes and the use of under layment.
  • Framing-Laying Out Walls
  • Framing walls is known in construction as rough carpentry. This has always seemed to me as a contradiction
    of terms. The framing holds the skin (drywall, sheathing, siding) and has the buildings life lines running
    through it (plumbing, electric, heating, A/C,telephone, and cable).
  • Formulas
  • Linear Feet is probably the simplest quantity to calculate. Lumber yards sometimes sell lumber by the linear
    foot which makes it easy to calculate the cost per piece.
Linear feet = number of items X the item length
  • Balloon Framing
  • Once the foundation has been popped out and the walls and openings marked on the bottom and top plate,
    you are ready to raise the walls. The walls are ready now to be put together and raised. The exterior walls are
    normally the first walls to be raised.
  • Framing Wall Components
  • Wall framing in house construction includes the vertical and horizontal members of exterior walls and interior
    partitions, both of bearing walls and non-bearing walls. These "stick" members, referred to as studs, wall
    plates and lintels (headers), serve as a nailing base for all covering material and support the upper floor
    platforms, which provide the lateral strength along a wall.
  • Platform Framing
  • Platform is a light-frame construction system and the most common method of constructing the frame for
    houses and small apartment buildings as well as some small commercial buildings in Canada and the United
    States.