Residential Roofing

Residential Roofing Terms

Residential Roofing Term Flashing is a
term used for using sheet metal on
structures that project vertically up from the
roof to create a watertight seal between the
roof and the structure.
Residential Roofing Term Three Tab is a
term used normally in discussing a type of
roof.  This is a shingle that is broke into three
tabs for each individual piece
Residential Roofing Term Architectural
is a type of shingle that is normally heavier
in weight and has more definition or depth
than the shingle itself.
Residential Roofing Term Square is a
shingle term that is used to refer to a
particular area of coverage of a shingle.  
One square is equal to 100 square feet.
Residential Roofing Term Starter
Shingle
refers to the first row of shingles
that are put on at the bottom of the roof.  
These overlap the Eave metal and are
normally turned upside-down and backwards
in order to produce a good straight line along
the leading edge of the eave metal.
Residential Roofing Term Self Sealing
refers to a particular kind of shingle that has
an asphalt strip underneath the shingle itself
that after it is applied and with heat will seal
itself to the shingle underneath it.  
Residential Roofing Term Water Bond is a
term used to refer to the slots in shingles in
order to provide a path for water to drain off a
roof.  The water Bonds normally line up in the
application of roof shingles and create an
avenue for water to drain.
Residential Roofing Term Pitch is a term
used to refer to the rise of a
rafter as it
projects along a horizontal plane.  If a roof is
said to have a 6 and 12
pitch, it would mean
that a roof rises 6” for every 12” of horizontal
run.
Residential Roofing Term Toe Board is a
term used to refer to normally a 2x4 or some
wood member that is nailed to the roof in
order to allow roofers to stand and work
without slipping off the roof.  
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Category Construction Glossary